The capital city of Mongolia established 1639. Since then it has changed its place often and found 1778 the current place on the bank of Tuul river. The capital city Ulaanbaatar is by 4 mountains Bogd Khan Uul, Songino Khairkhan, Chingeltei Khairkhan and Bayan Zurkh Khairkhan surrounded and has enough drinking water reserve. .
Since 1206, for the establishment of Great Mongolian Empire, by the order of Chinggis khan, Naadam Festival, the biggest festival in Mongolia has been annually held in Mongolia. Highlights are horse racing, archery, and wrestling.